I currently have an old NTSC glass tube TV and will be upgrading to an LED HD TV soon. I have FIOS as my program provider. For recording I'm currently using a Panasonic DVD recorder with a built in hard drive. This allows me to record to the hard drive and edit commercials out of programs and save them to DVD-R's. However this is an old recorder with analog inputs and does not handle High Definition.You have a number of caption options, and I'm sure I'll miss some of them in this list.
1) Tivo DVR, this is what I mostly use. For non-protected content you can transfer the Tivo files to your PC for easy editing by VideoReDo products. Has a monthly subscription although there one-time lifetime subscription available. I happen to have two Series 3 HD units for sale, both with lifetime ($300+ if anyone is interested please email me at support). Requires cable card.
2) Ceton cable card tuners, both USB and PCI. These work with Microsoft media center to record both protected and unprotected content. No monthly fee. Like Tivo unprotected content can be edited by VideoReDo. (I also have a 4 tuner Ceton PCI tuner for sale ~$150, was used here for WTV testing).
3) Silicon dust Home run devices which can capture un-encrypted QAM and with their cable card version, encrypted QAM. Again, editing of un protected content works great.
4) Hauppauge has a broad line of capture devices. Too many to list here. I use their HD-PVR to capture protected HD content played out from a cable box via the component outputs.
No it does not. You can configure it to be used with Windows Media Center (WMC) for timed recodings, but WMC is no distributed or supported by MSoft. You can visit http://www.thegreenbutton.tv/forums/ for a disucssion of WMC.Does the Hauppauge HD-PVR have a timer so I can set it to record at a specific time?
Yes, that is/was true, the HD-PVR used HD component inputs which are analog-based therefore didn't have any copy protection. I'm not sure, but I don't think Hauppauge makes the HD-PVR with component inputs any longer. To use it you need a set top box that has component out. I don't think FIOS offers that either.You mentioned this can be used to capture protected content.